International War Crimes Trial
Charges and Alleged Perpetrators
George W. Bush, Richard Cheney, Colin Powell, Donald Rumsfeld, and Others named
Crimes Against Peace, War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity and Other Criminal Acts and High Crimes in Violation
of the Charter of the United Nations, International Law, the Constitution of the United States and Laws made in Pursuance
These charges have been prepared prior to the first hearing of the Commission of Inquiry by its staff. They are based on
direct and circumstantial evidence from public and private documents; official statements and admissions by the persons charged
and others; eyewitness accounts; Commission investigations and witness interviews in Iraq, the Middle East and elsewhere;
photographs and video tape; expert analyses; commentary and interviews; media coverage, published reports and accounts gathered.
of Inquiry hearings will be held where evidence is available supporting, expanding, adding, contradicting, disproving or explaining
these, or similar charges against the accused and others of whatever nationality. When evidence sufficient to sustain convictions
of the accused or others is obtained and after demanding the production of documents from the U.S. government, and others,
and requesting testimony from the accused, offering them a full opportunity to present any defense personally, or by counsel,
the evidence will be presented to an International War Crimes Tribunal. The Tribunal will consider the evidence gathered,
seek and examine whatever additional evidence it chooses and render its judgment on the charges, the evidence, and the law.
Crimes Against Peace
from International Military Tribunal, 1946, article 6:
6(a) Crimes against peace: namely, planning, preparation, initiation or waging of a war of aggression, or a war in violation
of international treaties, agreements or assurances, or participation in a common plan or conspiracy for the accomplishment
of any of the foregoing "
"Leaders, organizers, instigators and accomplices participating in the formulation or execution
of a common plan or conspiracy to commit any of the foregoing crimes are responsible for all acts performed by any persons
in execution of such plan."
Crimes Against Peace: Responsibility
Five important principles are contained in these portions of the Charter:
(1) The Charter imposes "individual responsibility"
for acts constituting "crimes against peace";
(2) The term "Crimes against peace" embraces planning, preparation, initiation,
or waging of illegal war;
(3) The term "Crimes against peace" also embraces participation in a common plan or conspiracy
to commit illegal war;
(4) An illegal war consists of either a war of aggression, or a war in violation of international
treaties, agreements, or assurances; (these two kinds of illegal war might not necessarily be the same; it will be sufficient
for the prosecution to show either that the war was aggressive irrespective of breach of international treaties, agreements
or assurances, or that the war was in violation of international treaties, agreements or assurances irrespective of whether
or not it was a war of aggression; but the American prosecution will undertake to establish that the wars planned, prepared,
initiated, and waged by the Nazi conspirators were illegal for both reasons);
(5) Individual criminal responsibility
of a defendant is imposed by the Charter not merely by reasons of direct, immediate participation in the crime. It is sufficient
to show that a defendant was a leader, an organizer, instigator, or accomplice who participated either in the formulation
or in the execution of a common plan or conspiracy to commit crimes against peace. In this connection, the Charter declares
that the responsibility of conspirators extends not only to their own acts but also to all acts performed by any persons in
execution of the conspiracy.
Conspiring and ultimately launching an aggressive war - committing war crimes - committing crimes against
The following acts are crimes coming within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal for which there shall
be individual responsibility:
(a) Crimes against Peace:
namely, planning, preparation,
initiation or waging of a war of aggression, or a war in violation of international treaties, agreements or assurances, or
participation in a common plan or conspiracy for the accomplishment of any of the foregoing:
(b) War Crimes:
namely, violations of the laws or customs of war. Such violations include,
but not be limited to, murder, ill-treatment or deportation to slave labor or for any other purpose of civilian population
of or in occupied territory, murder or ill-treatment of prisoners of war or persons on the seas, killing of hostages, plunder
of public or private property, wanton destruction of cities, towns or villages, or devastation not justified by military necessity:
(c) Crimes against Humanity:
namely, murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation, and
other inhumane acts committed against any civilian population, before or during the war, or persecutions on political, racial
or religious grounds in execution of or in connection with any crime within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal, whether or not
in violation of the domestic law of the country where perpetrated ...
- The use of cluster bombs in civilian areas. Several witnesses report children being wounded by these munitions lying in
- The use of napalm, phosphorus, or other incendiary bombs. These are anti-personnel weapons outlawed under the 1977 Geneva
- Attacks on a non-combative population, non-military targets and defenseless towns, villages, settlements and buildings.
- The natural environment was destroyed by air assaults that were disproportionate to the desired military objective.
- Allowing the plundering of civilian and cultural institutions. Charges cites the Al Beit Al Iraqi cultural centre in Baghdad
being plundered, although American tanks were closely monitoring the area.
- The use of asphyxiating gases is prohibited. The U.S. violated this by its use of fuel-air explosive bombs on Iraqi frontline
troops; these bombs are terror bombs which can burn the oxygen over a surface of one or two square kilometers, destroying
human life by asphyxiation.
- These fuel-air bombs and the U.S. use of napalm are also outlawed by the Hague and Geneva Conventions, which prohibit
the use of weapons causing unnecessary harm to combatants. A particular example is the stingray blinding laser system which
is supposed to knock out optics on enemy weapons, but has the side effect of blinding soldiers as well who operate the weapons.
- The bombing of peaceful nuclear power facilities is forbidden and particularly so because of the dangers of the spread
of radioactivity. The UN International Atomic Energy Agency classified the reactors as peaceful, yet the U.S. bombed them,
not caring about the spread of radioactivity. The bombing was intentional and planned in advance, clearly in violation of
- Both the Hague Convention of 1954 and Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions prohibit attacks against historic monuments,
works of art, places of worship and sites which constitute the cultural and spiritual heritage of a people. Catholic churches,
a 4th century monastery and a Sunni Moslem mosque represent just some of the massive violations that occurred.
- Protocol I of the Geneva Convention also requires protection of the natural environment against widespread and severe
damage - the U.S. massive bombing, the blowing up of reactors, the hitting of oil storage facilities all violate this prohibition.
Baker III, James A.
Bush Sr., George H. W.
Gingrich, Newt, Chairman
Committee for Liberation of Iraq
Olson, Ronald L., Rand Corporation
Committee for Liberation of Iraq
Thomson, James A., Rand Corporation
Abrams, Elliot, National Security Council
Armitage, Richard Lee, Deputy Secretary of State
Blackwill, Robert D., Council on Foreign Relations
Bush, George W., President
Feith, Douglas J., Deputy Secretary
Friedman, Stephen, National Economic Council
Gaffney Jr., Frank J., spokesman
Libby, Lewis S., Secretary General to VP
Zakheim, Dov S., Pentagon
Clarke, Victoria, publicist
Downie, Colonel Richard D., School of the Americas
Eberhart, Ralph E., Commander in
Chief Forces in US
Hadley, Stephen J., Deputy National Security Advisor
Hayden, Michael V., National Security Agency
Kirkpatrick, Jeane J., Reprisentative to UN Human Rights Commission
Poindexter, John M., Information
Powell, Colin L., Secretary of State
Reich, Otto, Director of the School of the Americas, terrorist
Tenet, George J., Director of CIA
Abraham, Spencer, Energy Secretary
Bolton, John R., Deputy Secretary of State
Evans, Don, Commerce Secretary
Ari, White House spokesman
Norton, Gale, Secretary of the Environment
Snow, John William, Secretary of the Treasury
Worden, Simon P., Office of Strategic Influence
Zoellick, Robert B., Chief US WTO Negotiator
Rehnquist, William Hubbs
Auchter, Thorne G., Grace News Network
Project for a New American Century
Mays, L. Lowry, Clear Channel
Murdoch, K. Rupert, News Corporation
Cohen, Eliot A.
Ikle, Fred C.
Rodman, Peter W.
Roden, Stephen P.
Rowen, Henry S.
Frist, William Harrison
Graham, Franklin, Pentagon televangelist
Kagan, Robert, Washington Post columnist
Limbaugh III, Rush
Bremer III, L. Paul, Proconsul to Iraq
Myers, Richard B., Interarms Chief of Staff
Negroponte, John D., Ambassador
Wolfowitz, Paul D., Deputy Secretary of Defense
Franks, General Tommy,
Aznar, Jose Maria, Prime Minister Spain
Berlusconi, Silvio, Prime Minister Italy
Blair, Anthony Charles Lynton,
Prime Minister UK
Gotha, Simeon Saxe-Coburg, Prime Minister Bulgaria
Hoon, Geoff, Defence Secretary UK
Adam, Minister of State for the Armed Forces
Sharon, Ariel, Prime Minister Israel
Straw, Jack, Foreign
Bechtel, Riley P., Bechtel
Carroll, Philip J. , Shell Oil, USA
Caveney, Red , American Petroleum Institute
Ford JR., William Clay, Ford
Irani, Ray, Occidental Petroleum
Lesar, David J., Halliburton
Novak, David, Yum! Brands
O'Reilly, David J. , ChevronTexaco
Raymond, Lee, ExxonMobil
Scowcroft, General Brent,
Sutherland, Peter, British Petroleum
Wagoner Jr, G. Richard, General Motors
Williamson, Charles R. ,
Barton, Glen A., Caterpillar, Inc.
Burnham, Daniel P. , Raytheon
Carlucci, Frank, The Carlyle Group
Nicholas D. , General Dynamics
Coffman, Vance D. , Lockheed Martin
Condit, Philip M. , Boeing
David, George, United
Davis Jr., Don H., Rockwell Automation
Garner, Jay, SY Coleman
Gerstner Jr., Louis V., Carlyle Group
Hemingway, Jon, Stevedoring Services of America
Immelt, Jeffrey R., General Electric
Jackson, Bruce P., Lockheed
Kean, Thomas , Amerada-Hess
Lombardi, Paul V., DynCorp
Lopez, Joe, Kellogg, Brown & Root
Rabaut, Thomas W. , United Defense Industries
Stevens, Robert J., Lockheed Martin
, Northrop Grumman
Vuono, General Carl E. , Military Professionals Resources Inc.
Browne of Madingley, The Lord John, Goldman Sachs
Buffet, Warren, speculator
Weill, Sanford, Citigroup
The International Monetary Fund
The World Bank Group
The World Trade Organization
International War Crimes Trial
Compare the names with the names in the following reports and make up your own mind!
Who benefits? Who might be guilty?