And The Man-Made Origin Of AIDSBy Dr. Alan Cantwell,
A Rense World Exclusive
©2006 Alan Cantwell, M.Dalancantwell@sbcglobal.net
Twenty-five years ago in June 1981 a new epidemic of transmissible cancer, in the form of Kaposi's sarcoma, was uncovered
in young gay American men with acquired immune deficiency disease (AIDS). In 1984 the cause of the AIDS was determined to
be a new virus called HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus), now considered to be "the sole cause of AIDS."
later, in 1994, yet another "new virus" was claimed as the cause of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), the so-called "gay cancer" of AIDS.
KS skin tumors were the hallmark of the "gay-related immune deficiency syndrome" when it first appeared in male homosexuals
in Manhattan in the late 1970s. After a quarter century the precise origin of HIV, as well as the origin of the KS epidemic,
With the discovery of the KS virus, it is now clear that two new viruses were introduced to produce
what was initially regarded as the "gay plague". How were two new viruses (HIV and the KS virus) simultaneously "introduced"
into gays to produce AIDS?
The origin of Kaposi's Sarcoma
Before the epidemic, KS was a rare cancer in the U.S. The KS virus -now called the human herpes-8 virus (HHV-8) or the Kaposi's
sarcoma herpes virus (KSHV)- is now widely accepted as the cause of most cases of KS.
KS was first described in 1872
in Vienna, by Hungarian dermatologist Moriz Kaposi. Before the epidemic KS was a rare and usually mild form of cancer occasionally
tumors in elderly Jewish and Italian-American men. The cancer was never considered a contagious, infectious, or sexually transmitted
disease. KS in African-Americans was as rare as hen's teeth before AIDS appeared in the late 1970s.
In the 1960s KS
was recognized as a common tumor in blacks in Central Africa. However, the African form of KS was not associated with the
severe immunodeficiency characteristic of AIDS, nor was it sexually transmissible, and HIV was not found in these patients.
is a medical enigma.  How did KS become a transmissible epidemic disease in gays? How did the KS herpes
virus escape detection during the first 15 years of the epidemic? Why did the KS virus and HIV suddenly appear together in
the late 1970s to produce a "gay-related immunodeficiency disease?" How could cancer be "gay"?
Were these two simultaneous
epidemics in gay men simply caused by two viruses out of the African jungle? Or was the hand of man - in the form of medical
experimentation - responsible for the "introduction" of these viruses into the male homosexual community?
two epidemics of AIDS and Kaposi's sarcoma
At the beginning of the epidemic many virologists thought
KS might be caused by a transmissible herpes virus called the cytomegalovirus (CMV), which purportedly was found in the semen
of gay men. However, when Robert Gallo of the National Cancer Institute discovered HIV in April 1984, interest in CMV waned.
the KS virus was discovered in 1994, it was also found in other forms of cancer, such as lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
virus infection is no longer rare; and most people infected with the virus will never develop KS cancer tumors. However, when
people are infected with HIV and the KS virus, KS tumors can occur. The KS herpes virus is considered a "helper virus," which
encourages the development of KS cancer in HIV-infected people.
Researchers are still not exactly sure how the KS virus
is transmitted. Mouth-to-mouth transmission, such as kissing, is believed to be the primary mode of spread. But kissing is
hardly limited to homosexuals. Some studies have found the virus in the semen of KS patients, while other studies have not
confirmed this. In Central Africa, where KS is endemic, children can become infected with the KS virus early in life before
sexual activity occurs.
When AIDS began it was thought that "gay cancer" was similar to the more severe endemic form
of KS found in Africa. However, as noted, African KS cases were HIV-negative and were not immunosuppressed. Some investigators
have attempted to uncover the origin of AIDS by re-examining "old cases" of African KS. But AIDS, by definition, must be infection
with HIV. Therefore, pre-AIDS KS cases have no connection to the origin of AIDS.
of "Gay Cancer" exclusively in homosexuals
After the introduction of HIV and the KS virus into the
U.S. gay male population in the late 1970s, the incidence of KS skyrocketed.
A 1989 report by Biggar et al. found no
cases of KS in young men in New York City during the years 1973-1976. However, by 1985 the incidence of KS in "never-married
men" in Manhattan had increased 1850 times; and in San Francisco the rate of KS increased over 2000 times! 
is now 20,000 times more common in AIDS patients than in the general population. Currently, the CDC claims that KS occurs
in only 15% of gay men with AIDS (down from 30% at the beginning of the epidemic).
the HIV epidemic from the KS epidemic
When stored blood samples of gays followed for HIV infection
were re-examined by epidemiologists in 1999, it was reported that more than 20% of a group of 245 homosexual men from New
York were infected with the KS herpes virus as early as 1982. 
Some experts now claim the epidemic
of KS in gay men arose separately from the epidemic of HIV; and KS is thought to be an unrelated and distinct epidemic. However,
the vital question of how two new viruses (HIV and the KS virus) were introduced exclusively and simultaneously into homosexual
men is never raised. It is simply theorized that both the KS virus and HIV are "ancestor viruses" of primates in the African
bush that jumped species to infect the human population.
The Virus Cancer Program and biological
In the decade before AIDS, animal retroviruses (similar to HIV) and herpes viruses
(similar to the KS virus) were extensively transferred between animal species as part of the Virus Cancer Program (1968-1980).
The annual "Progress Reports" of the VCP details the animal cancer research and the genetic engineering of animal viruses.
1969 a military biowarfare expert predicted to U.S congressmen that a biological agent could be developed within a decade
that would have a devastating effect on the human immune system and for which there would be no effective treatment. (For
details Google: "Donald M MacArthur " + congressional testimony.)
Military biological warfare research became officially connected to VCP research on October 18, 1971, when President Richard
Nixon permanently joined the Army's biowarfare research laboratory at Fort Detrick, Maryland, with the National Cancer Institute.
The army lab was renamed the Frederick Cancer Research Center.
Scientists in the VCP wanted to learn how to use animal
viruses to make cancer - and how to force "normal" human cells to become cancerous by subjecting them to various animal viruses.
A primary task was the large scale production of cancer-causing viruses and suspected cancer viruses to meet research VCP
needs on a continuing basis. Special attention was given to primate viruses (the alleged African source of HIV and the KS
virus). Another goal was the production of "human candidate viruses." Candidate viruses were defined as animal or human viruses
that might cause cancer in humans.
Biowarfare scientists had a keen interest in animal herpes "helper viruses" (1978
VCP Report;p 54). Chimps (who purportedly carry the ancestor virus of HIV) were extensively used by the VCP because there
would be no official testing of cancer viruses on humans.
As biowarfare expert MacArthur predicted, the VCP created
new cancer-causing viruses which had a deadly effect on the immune system. In one experiment recorded in the 1973 Report (p169),
and later published in Cancer Research in 1974, newborn chimps were taken away from their mothers at birth and weaned on milk
from cancer virus-infected cows. Essentially "AIDS" was created in animals. Some of the chimps sickened and died with two
diseases that had never been observed in chimpanzees: Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (later known as the "gay pneumonia" of
AIDS) and leukemia, a cancer of the blood.
Because of the dangerous transfer of primate viruses into human cells, the
VCP was a biological disaster waiting to happen. This possibility was recorded in the 1978 VCP report from the Office of Biohazard
Safety stating: "The inadequate care and handling of animals during the past several years have created a potential for the
occurrence of infection of humans with simian (primate) microorganisms and cross infection between species. Such interspecies
disease transmission may seriously compromise the integrity of the experiment as well as the health of the experimenter. Due
to the magnitude of biomedical research employing tissue cultures, frequent evaluation of tissue culture cross-contamination
is very important."
A decade before Gallo discovered HIV, he reported a "new" and "human" and cancer-causing "HL-23
virus" that later turned out to be not one but three contaminating primate viruses (gibbon-ape virus, simian sarcoma virus,
and baboon endogenous virus). How these three primate viruses contaminated Gallo's lab is unknown.
As late as 1986
Max Essex of Harvard "discovered" a new human AIDS retrovirus found in the blood of healthy Africans. Eventually this virus
proved to be a monkey virus which traced back to a nearby primate colony in Massachusetts. In the first decade of AIDS Gallo
and Essex were the leading proponents of the African green monkey theory of origin of AIDS.
In 1999 a team of researchers
led by Beatrice Hahn (who worked in Gallo's lab when he proposed the green monkey theory) also claimed HIV traced back to
chimpanzees in the African wild. This finding was quickly accepted as the true origin of HIV and AIDS; and the discovery was
widely heralded in the media.
Did a KS virus originate from laboratory primate viruses?
decade before AIDS, monkey cancer-causing viruses were adapted to human cells. In 1967 Herpesvirus saimiri, a harmless squirrel
monkey virus closely related to the new KS herpes virus, was forced into different animals, such as the owl monkey, marmosets
and rabbits, where it produced cancer in the form of malignant lymphoma. Lymphoma is a common cancer in AIDS patients; and
there is also a close relationship between KS and lymphoma.
In 1971 Dharam V Ablashi of the NCI transferred H. saimiri
into various cell lines of human origin. (1971;35). Attempts were made "to find a suitable method for the large-scale production
of high-titer Herpesvirus saimiri" (1973;264). By 1976 it was also learned that H.saimiri was contagious and spread by "contact
transmission" between squirrel and owl monkeys in the laboratory.
The Virus Cancer Program and
secret human experimentation
A 1972 VCP Report (p. 262) emphatically states: "Since man will not be
used as an experimental recipient, it is necessary to gain proof of oncogenicity by other means." How that "proof" would be
obtained was never made clear.
With its close ties to military biowarfare research it is conceivable that the VCP undertook
covert human testing of suspected cancer-causing viruses. The U.S. military has a long history of secret human experimentation
on unsuspecting citizens. (Google: secret human experimentation + military). Were gay men used as guinea pigs to test the
effects of these viruses?
In 1977 Merck and Co, Inc. made most of the experimental hepatitis B vaccine used in gays
the following year. Merck's role in the VCP was "to conduct investigations designed to develop vaccines or other agents effective
for the prophylaxis and therapy for human neoplasia (cancer) of suspected viral etiology" (1972 report; p 139).
also wanted to develop an anti-herpes virus vaccine. Merck researchers stated: "Since live attenuated or killed virus vaccines
for potentially oncogenic viruses would not be acceptable for human use due to the danger of transfer of functional genetic
material, this project was initiated to determine whether vaccines to purified viral antigens acceptable for use in humans
were of practical value." (1977;160) This proposed "purified" herpes vaccine was similar in type to the experimental "purified"
hepatitis B vaccine injected into gays the following year in 1978.
"Gay cancer" and man-made laboratory
The herpes KS virus is a "helper virus" which promotes cancer, particularly when combined
with HIV. In the decade before AIDS it was discovered that some cancer-causing animal sarcoma viruses could not produce cancer
unless a "helper virus" was present. For example, certain chicken, cat and mouse sarcoma viruses were "defective" in their
ability to induce experimental cancer. But when a "helper" leukemia virus was added to the mix, the sarcoma virus was able
to induce cancer.
By 1977, the year the experimental hepatitis B vaccine was being developed by Merck for use in gays
, scientists in the VCP aimed "to determine the oncogenic [cancer-causing] potential of putative human viruses" and "to begin
viral vaccine (conventional or other) testing and immunization programs" (1977 VCP Report; p32). The exact methods for accomplishing
this were not stated. However, it is now obvious that the introduction of two new viruses into gay men conveniently accomplished
this goal of VCP scientists: namely, to prove that immunosuppressive and cancer-causing retroviruses - with or without herpes
KS-like "helper viruses" - could cause disease and cancer in humans.
The gay hepatitis B experiments
(1978-1981) that preceded AIDS
HIV and the KS virus were introduced shortly after U.S. government scientists began recruiting large groups of gays from health
clinics for the purpose of testing, treatment, and experimentation. It is my contention that this most hated minority in America
afforded an opportunity to covertly test laboratory cancer viruses and "human candidate viruses" as specified in the VCR annual
Were the primate "ancestors" of HIV and the KS herpes virus contained in some vials of the experimental hepatitis
B vaccines? The extremely high incidence of both these "new" viruses in gays who volunteered for the vaccine experiments suggests
The experimental vaccine was developed by Merck in chimpanzees and manufactured by purifying the
pooled blood of 30 gay men who were hepatitis B virus carriers. The volunteers in the experiment had to
be free of the hepatitis B virus in order to test the efficacy of the vaccine.
During the first trial (November 1978-October
1979) at the New York Blood Center in Manhattan, there was great concern that the vaccine might be contaminated. According
to June Goodfield's Quest for the Killers, p 86, "This was no theoretical fear, contamination having been suspected
in one batch made by the National Institutes of Health, though never in Merck's." The 1,083 gay men were given three inoculations
of the vaccine over a period of three months. The vaccine for each injection given to each man was contained within a one-dose
The vaccine trial was a tremendous success with 96% of the men developing protective antibodies against
the hepatitis B virus. [5, 6] Some investigators condemning the man-made theory of AIDS
have speculated that many of the men might have been already immunosuppressed by HIV before the experiment. However, in that
case the 96% success rate could not have been achieved because immunosuppressed people frequently do not produce antibodies
to the vaccine. Furthermore, there is no evidence that HIV existed in the U.S. blood supply before 1978, the year the gay
Irrespective of how the two viruses were "introduced," it is a fact that government scientists quickly
vilified gays and promoted AIDS as "gay-related immunodeficiency disease," and as "gay cancer" and "gay pneumonia." The disease
was allowed to spread by the federal government which put budget ahead of the nation's welfare, and by disinterested health
authorities who placed political expediency before the public health - and by scientists more concerned with international
prestige than saving lives, as detailed by Randy Shilts in his classic book, And The Band Played On.
The end of the Virus Cancer Program and the birth of AIDS
The VCP ended in 1980 with the inability
to prove that viruses were involved in human cancer. However, the VCP gave birth to genetic engineering, molecular biology,
and the human genome project. The program built up the field of animal retrovirology, which led to a more complete understanding
of how immunosuppressive and cancer-causing retroviruses caused disease. Naturally, this was helpful when the first cases
of "gay cancer" erupted in 1979 in Manhattan and the epidemic was officially recognized in 1981.
As the VCP ended in
1980, more gay vaccine experiments began in other cities, such as San Francisco and Los Angeles. The vaccine trials ended
in early 1981, just before the epidemic became official. These cities quickly became the primary epicenters of AIDS. Within
a few years AIDS became the leading cause of death in young men in New York City; and that city would have the largest number
of reported cases in the U.S. 
Being a participant in the government's hepatitis studies was clearly
dangerous to a gay man's health. After HIV and the KS virus were introduced there was a definite increase in the cancer death
rate in male homosexuals, not only from KS, but from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and other types of cancers as well. This was
reported in Koblin's 1996 study of 15,565 gays in New York and San Francisco who participated in hepatitis B virus studies
in the late 1970s.
The introduction of HIV and the KS herpes virus into gay men miraculously revived
the career of Robert Gallo and made him the most famous virologist in the world; and turned the failure of the VCP in 1980
into a triumph a few years later.
When Gallo's blood test for HIV became available in the mid-1980s, the New York Blood
Center's stored gay blood specimens were reexamined for this virus. Most astonishing is the fact that 20% of the gay men in
the Manhattan experiment were HIV-positive in 1980 (one year before the AIDS epidemic became "official"). These Manhattan
gays in 1980 had the highest incidence of HIV anywhere in the world, including Africa, the supposed birthplace of HIV and
AIDS. Forty percent of the men were HIV-positive in 1984.  And, as previously noted, one out of five gay
men (20%) in an AIDS study group in New York City in 1982 tested positive for the new KS herpes-8 virus.
must be assumed that many of the men in the experiment eventually died of AIDS. The actual number of AIDS deaths has never
been revealed. Attempts to secure this vital medical information have been rebuffed due to "confidentiality issues."
The origin and spread of the new Kaposi's Sarcoma virus
We are expected to believe that two
primate viruses out of the African jungle "jumped species" -and ended up exclusively in the blood of white gay men in Manhattan
in 1979. Such an unlikely biological scenario has the markings of a scientific fairy tale; and I remain stupefied that this
theory has been so readily and universally accepted as "fact" by AIDS scientists.
In this regard, Patrick S Moore (a
co-discoverer of the KS virus) claims the virus may have been introduced recently into the human population from a primate
reservoir in Africa (''The emergence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus,' New England Journal of Medicine
[Editorial], November 9, 2000). Moore also alerts us to the danger of "xenotransplantation," whereby animal tissue and parts
(along with animal viruses) are placed into human beings.
The distinct possibility that pre-AIDS primate experimentation
was responsible for transferring HIV-like chimp and monkey viruses into humans is never mentioned by virologists. In addition,
the AIDS establishment pooh-poohs any connection between the pre-AIDS gay experiments and the exclusive outbreak of HIV and
the KS virus in homosexuals.
Also long forgotten are the millions of people (including half the U.S. population) injected
with a cancer-causing monkey virus called simian (monkey) virus -40 which contaminated polio vaccines in the 1960s up to the
late 1990s. For more details of this vaccine horror, see: www.sv40cancer.com) and the recently published, The Virus and the Vaccine: The True Story of a Cancer-Causing Monkey Virus, Contaminated
Polio Vaccine, and the Millions of Americans Exposed.
Once a rare virus, the KS virus is now widespread among
"normal" blood donors. Donated blood is not routinely tested for the presence of the virus; and there is concern the KS virus
could be further spread by blood transfusion.  In Texas 15% of blood donors now test positive for the
KS virus.  A 2004 study indicates that up to 40% of men with prostate cancer (the most common form of
cancer in men) have evidence of the KS virus in their blood. 
theory of AIDS and the Kaposi's sarcoma epidemic
In this current period of history when the origin
of the Iraq war is shrouded in lies and deception at the highest levels of government, it is certainly conceivable that the
origin of AIDS and two new viruses could also be shrouded in scientific secrecy, disinformation, misinformation, and government
The evidence gathered here is merely a tiny fraction of the circumstantial evidence supporting the man-made
origin of AIDS and the KS epidemics, both epidemics erupting immediately after a decade of dangerous animal cancer virus experimentation.
The man-made theory has been fully explored in my two books, AIDS and the Doctors of Death and Queer Blood,
as well as in Leonard G. Horowitz's Emerging Viruses, and in Robert E. Lee's AIDS: An Explosion of the Biological
Time-Bomb. A Google search, using the key words "man-made origin of AIDS," reveals over 300 citations.
the scientific community and the media have totally ignored this subject for the past quarter-century, the man-made "conspiracy
theory" of AIDS refuses to go away.
And finally, after all these years, it is time for medical science to admit that
cancer can never be "gay" - or "straight."
Dr. Alan Cantwell is a retired dermatologist; and the author of
five books on the man-made origin of AIDS and the infectious origin of cancer, all published by Aries Rising Press, PO Box
29532, Los Angeles, CA 90029 (www.ariesrisingpress.com). Email: email@example.com. Abstracts of 30 published papers can be found at the PubMed website. Many of his personal writings can be found on www.google.com by typing in key words "alan cantwell" + articles. His latest book is Four Women Against Cancer: Bacteria, Cancer and
the Origin of Life. His books are available on www.amazon.com and through Book Clearing House @ 1-800-431-1579
enters Y2K still riddled with many questions.
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